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Carlson, Licia, The Faces of Intellectual Disability: Philosophical Reflections. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2009.

Dann, Kevin. "From Degeneration to Regeneration: The Eugenics Survey of Vermont, 1925-1936." Vermont History. 59:1(Winter 1991), 5-29.

Ferguson, Philip M. Abandoned to Their Fate: Social Policy and Practice toward Severely Retarded People in America, 1820-1920. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994.

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Noll, Steven. Feeble-minded in Our Midst: Institutions for the Mentally Retarded in the South, 1900-1940. Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 1995.

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