Browse Items (41 total)

  • Collection: Eugenics and the Brandon Training School

BTS_Memorial_small.jpg
Unclaimed bodies of deceased persons at the Brandon Training School were buried in a special section of the Pine Hill Cemetery across the road from the institution. After the institution was closed, a memorial was erected in memory of those…

BTS_Burlington_Daily_News_Fri_Feb_11_1921_p1_small.jpg
Opened in 1915 and expanded to include “adult feeble-minded women of child-bearing age” in 1918, the Vermont State School for Feeble-Minded Children was perennially overcrowded. In the heyday of eugenic ideology, this led to newspaper reports such…

BTS_sterilization_Rutland_Daily_Herald_Wed_Mar_9_1927_p2small.jpg
In support of the sterilization bill, one Vermont State Senator asserted that “the children of the feeble-minded ‘breed like rats’ … and become public charges.” He predicted, “we shall reach the point where we cannot afford to give our bright…

BTS_The_Burlington_Free_Press_Mon_Jan_27__1941_p. 2_small.jpg
Even as eugenic ideology began to wane nationally in the 1930s, Vermont eugenicists such as Lillian Ainsworth continued to insist “that the problem of feeble-mindedness in this state is far more serious than the average person realizes.” She…

BTS_The_Burlington_Free_Press_Tue_Apr_1__1947_.jpg
The 1940s were a tumultuous time for public psychiatric hospitals and training schools both in Vermont and throughout the nation. In this article, psychiatrist Frederick C. Thorne raises the alarm about Vermont's particularly dire mental health…

BTS_campus_site_plan_1980.jpg
This site plan shows how large the Brandon State School had become by 1980. A point of interest is the arrangement of dormitories according to inmates' ages and degree of impairment. For example, women deemed to have the most significant…

Rural_Vermont_VCCL_1931.pdf
The Vermont Commission on Country Life was an offshoot of the Vermont Eugenics Survey, and it was Henry Perkins who submitted this chapter of the book, Rural Vermont. In a concluding section titled "The Eugenic Aspects," Perkins writes, "Eugenics .…

BTS_Biennial_Report_1922-24.pdf
In the Biennial Report for 1922-1924, Superintendent Truman J. Allen stressed the need for "hereditary defectives" to "go to institutions and remain there as long as necessary" to prevent them "from transmitting [their] decadent stock" (14). It is…

Comm_for_Mental_Health_1946_3.JPG
A report of the current and planned uses of dormitory buildings in 1946. To be used for future planning purposes.
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