Vermont Industrial School

Dublin Core

Title

Vermont Industrial School

Subject

juvenile delinquency
juvenile corrections
State care of dependent children

Description

The Vermont Reform School was opened in Waterbury in 1865. When that institution burned down in the 1870s, the institution was re-opened in Vergennes in 1879. The institution's name was changed to the Vermont Industrial School in 1900 and to the Weeks School in 1937. The school was coeducational from 1875 to 1979 when it closed. Over the course of its history, the Industrial School underwent many policy changes and was the subject of frequent public scrutiny and commentary.

Creator

Holly Allen, Middlebury College

Publisher

Middlebury College

Date

1865-1979

Contributor

Danny Jacobs, Danny Tighe, Brendan Dawson

Rights

Unless otherwise indicated, records are in the public domain.

Language

English

Collection Items

Exterior view of the Vermont Industrial School, n.d.
A photograph of the Administration building at the Vermont Industrial School. While undated, the photograph likely dates to the 1890s.

Boys perform field work at the Vermont Industrial School, 1919
The Vermont Industrial School, like other state institutions, relied on inmate labor to maintain itself. In this photograph, fairly young boys perform unpaid field work on the institution's behalf.

Girls' Cottage, Vermont Industrial School
A few female inmates sit in front of a dormitory at the Vermont Industrial School.

Boy inmates engage in farm labor, 1919
Male inmates tend rows of plants on the Vermont Industrial School farm.

Photograph of staff members and their children at the Vermont Industrial School, 1893.
Men and women employed at the Vermont Industrial School sit outside of the institution's original administration building in 1893.

Proctor Cottage, Vermont Industrial School
Proctor Cottage, a boys' cottage, is featured in this 1947 photograph. The surroundings appear rather bleak.

Children stand in front of building at the Vermont Industrial School.
Children appear in front of a Victorian-style building (likely a girls' cottage) at the Vermont Industrial School.

A child gathers hay.
A child gathers hay near the road that ran through the Vermont Industrial School complex. One of the institution's buildings is visible in the distance.

"Inmates gather hay at the Vermont Industrial School, 1919."
Inmates gather hay, presumably to feed the Vermont Industrial School's prized dairy herd. Inmate farm work was crucial to sustain the institution.

Young inmates perform farm work at the Vermont Industrial School
Inmates, some of them quite young, gather hay at the Vermont Industrial School in this early twentieth-century photograph. Inmate labor was vital to the institution's survival.
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